The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople. It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe.
Name: The Roman Empire, Romania, Rome, Byzantine Empire, Byzantium
Origin: Real Life
Date of Creation: 330 CE | 1261 CE (Revived)
Date of Dissolution: 1204 CE (Constantinople was sacked and splintered) | May 29, 1453
Population: 17 Million (457 CE) | 19 Million (565 CE) | 10.5 Million (641 CE) | 9.5 Million (717 CE) | 12 Million (1025 CE) | 10 Million (1143 CE) | 9 Million (1204 CE) | 4.5 Million (1453 CE)
Holdings: 2.35 Million sq. km (457 CE) | 3.4 Million sq. km (565 CE) | 1.5 Million sq. km (641 CE) | 780 Thousand sq. km (717 CE) | 1.675 Million sq. km (1025 CE) | 950 Thousand sq. km (1143 CE) | 210 Thousand sq. km (1204 CE) | 20 Thousand sq. km (1453 CE)